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《ACTA GOSSYPII SINICA》 1998-06
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Effects of Colored Fiber Gene on Economic Properties of Upland Cotton and Analysis of Its Inheritance

Geng Junyi Wang Guoyin Zhai Xuejun Li Zhishu Liu Cunjing Li Yanzeng Cotton Research Institute, Hebei Academy of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences, ShiJiazhuang 050051  
Five colored fiber cotton lines and 2 normal white fiber lines were used to make 10 cotton hybrids. Their descendent fiber color inheritance was analysed. The results showed that the colored fiber trait of upland cotton is controlled by one paire of uncomplete dominance genes. Four near-isogenic lines of upland cotton, which carried colored fiber(Lc) vs its normal-fiber equivalents(Lc) in two backgrounds, were grown in replicated experiments,15 agronomic properties were studied. The results were as follows: the colored fiber genes had negative effects on lint yield,lint index,fiber length,fiber strength,micronaire and disease resistance and had positive effects on seed index. The effect degree was related to their backgrounds. It had no significant effects on seed cotton yield,bool size,bolls per plant,plant height at harvest,number of fruit branches and so on. However, with effective selection, the yield and fiber properties of the original colored fiber parents might be obviously improved by cross and backcross.
【CateGory Index】: S562.035.1
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