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《CHINESE POTATO JOURNAL》 1996-03
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PROGRESS AND SUGGESTIONS ON LATE BLIGHT RESEARCH IN CHINA

Song Bofu; Wang Shengwu(The International Potato Center (CIP) Liaison Office in Beijing, Beijing 100081)Wang Jun(Yunna Normal University, Kunming, Yunnan 650092)Zhang Zhiming(Hebei Agricultural University, Baoding, Hebei 071001)Xie Conghua(South China Po  
This paper first introduces the progress of late blight research in China in the aspects ofPhytophthora infestans physiological races, mating types, effect of chemical control as well asbreeding for late blight resistance. Type 4 is the main P. infestals race in China, making upmore than half of the strains tested. Gradual build-up of toxic genes in P. infestans accompanied by increase in the number of R-genes in the varietics is the main reason for the loss inlate blight resistance in the varieties. The discovery of mating type A2 in China in 1996 implies that potato production in China is now faced with a more infectious and virulent newstrain. The control effect of Ridomil series chemicals, due to the accumulahon of resistance tochemical application in the strains, has gradually given way to control through breeding forresistance. A number of late blight-resistant and high-yielding clones have been selected inthe last 10 years among germplasm introduced from the International Potato Center (CIP),some of which have been used in production with remarkable impact. The population B materials introduced from CIP with horizontal resistance in the recent two years are even moreinvaluable for breeding on late blight resistance. It is expected that the outstanding charactersof the materials can be quickly applied in production. In the aspect of future research on laterblight, the authors propose that strengthening in international cooperation, integration andcoordination of research program as well as establishment of rational sced multiplicahon system are key to success in late blight resistance breeding. Other mcasurcmcnts such asbuild-up of measuring and forecasting system, research on mutation of strains as well as thestudy on biology and cpidemiology of oosporcs arc ncccssary basic work for cthetiye controlof latc blight out-break.
【CateGory Index】: S435.32
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