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《ACTA TRITICAL CROPS》 2000-03
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The Research Progress on Waxy Wheat

CHEN Xin min (Institute of Crop Breeding and Cultivation, CAAS, Beijing 100081)  
Because the waxy wheat doesnt contain amylose or contains very lower level of amylose, it will have an important practical value in both food and non food industry. However, there is no complete waxy mutant in hexaploid wheat under the natural condition and it need to be produced artificially. Not only does research craving of waxy wheat appear, but also fast development have been obtained in recent years in the world. Three gene loci ( Wx A1, Wx B1, and Wx D1 ) control the waxy of hexaploid wheat and they located on chromosome 7A, 4A and 7D respectively. The three genes may combine eight types of waxy and can be distinguished by SDS PAGE electrophoresis analysis. Complete waxy type can be produced when the three loci are mutated. There are obvious differences among frequency of eight waxy types in natural condition. In single gene mutants, the mutant frequencies of Wx A1, Wx B1 were high, but mutant frequency of Wx D1 was very low. In tow gene mutants, the mutant frequency of Wx A1 and Wx B1 was high; however, the frequencies of others and three gene mutants weren't been reported. Waxy wheat affects the properties of both flour and starch. To provide some reference for wheat breeder, this paper reviews the research progress on waxy wheat.
【CateGory Index】: S512.101
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