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《Journal of Triticeae Crops》 2009-05
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Effect of Different Infiltrating Irrigation and Film Mulching on WUE and Yield of Winter Wheat

PEI Yan-ting,TIAN Qi-zhuo,LI Na-na,LI Hui,WANG Shu-liang,XIE Lian-jie (Shandong Agricultural University,Taian,Shandong 271018,China)  
In order to establish technical parameters of water-saving and high-yielding cultivation system,Jimai 20 and Lumai 21 were used as materials,the effects of irrigation methods and film mulching on WUE and yield of winter wheat in two kinds of cropping conditions were studied.The results showed that infiltrating irrigation and film mulching notably increased yield and WUE under two kinds of cropping conditions,however,different responses were observed for individual cultivars and infiltrating depths.Contrasting to the surface irrigation and no mulching,the yield of 20 cm infiltrating irrigation with film mulching was improved by 13.67%~11.18% and WUE increased by 14.59%~12.08% in the field condition;the yield and WUE of wheat increased by 20.16% and 22.57% in treatment of 20 cm infiltrating irrigation adds film mulching,respectively in rainout shelter,and that yield in the 40 cm infiltrating irrigation was higher than that of 20 cm infiltrating.The average WUE of every treatment was up to 2.6063 kg·m-3·m-2 in the field condition,while it was 1.3482 kg·m-3 ·m-2 in rainout shelter,and was improved by 93.31%.The economic yield improved about 102.90%,the biomass increased by 77.41%,the index of harvesting increased about 13.99%,but the total water consumption only increased by 22.48 mm.The study indicated that deep soil water had important effect and different effects were observed at different conditions and cultivars.
【Fund】: 国家粮食丰产科技工程项目(2006BAD02A09);; 山东省资源节约型社会科技支撑体系专项项目(2006JY06)
【CateGory Index】: S512.1
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