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《Manchu Studies》 2003-01
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The Origin and Development of Manchu Characters

LI Yun-xia (Nationality Research Institute of Liaoning Province, Shengyang 110033,China)  
The Manchu language and characters had taken special position in Qing Dynasty, and once had been called national language and writing. Especially in early stage, they had played essential roles in the development of economy and culture. With the progress of society, however, they gradually declined out of use. From the end of 16th century to the end of 19th century, Manchu characters had undergone a historical course from foundation, perfection and development to declination.
【CateGory Index】: H221.2
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【Secondary References】
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1 ZHANG Hong-wei(The Palace Museum,Beijing 100009,China);Characters of the Publication and Communication about Manchu Books in Early Qing Period[J];Journal of Henan University(Social Science);2009-01
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