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《Manchu Studies》 2003-01
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The Origin and Development of Manchu Characters

LI Yun-xia (Nationality Research Institute of Liaoning Province, Shengyang 110033,China)  
The Manchu language and characters had taken special position in Qing Dynasty, and once had been called national language and writing. Especially in early stage, they had played essential roles in the development of economy and culture. With the progress of society, however, they gradually declined out of use. From the end of 16th century to the end of 19th century, Manchu characters had undergone a historical course from foundation, perfection and development to declination.
【CateGory Index】: H221.2
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【Co-citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 2 Hits
1 Ding Yizhuang and Hu Hongbao;Genealogy Writing among the Manchus: Its relevant to their Ethnic Identity[J];Etho-national Studies;2001-06
2 Liu Yanchen;Jilin Province’s New Banner School and Its Manchu Education in the Late Qing Dynasty[J];China's Borderland History and Geography Studies;2009-02
【Co-references】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 CHEN Qi-tai (Research institute of historiography Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875,China);On the New Pattern of Historical-cultural Identification in the Late Qing Dynasty[J];Hebei Academic Journal;2006-04
2 Niu Haizhen(The School of Literature, Gansu United University, Lanzhou,730000,China);A Brief Discussion on the National Language Policy in Qing Dynasty[J];Heilongjiang National Series;2005-02
3 LI Dian-Rong(Research Institute on Qing History,Renmin University of China,Beijing 100872,China);From Phratry to Banner System——The Inconsistence of National Acknowledgement in Man Nationality[J];Heilongjiang National Series;2007-06
4 ZHANG Hong-wei(Published by the Forbidden City Publishing House,Beijing 100009,China);The Origin of the Manchu Script System: From Formulation to Dissemination[J];Journal of Henan University(Social Science);2006-02
5 LIU Hong-liang (Beijing University of Science and Technology, Beijing 100083, China);A history of rise and decline of Duth Cannons in Ming and Qing dynasties[J];Journal of Harbin Institute of Technology(Social Sciences Edition);2005-01
6 Chi Yunfei;Problem of Manchu-Han Integration in the Last Ten Years of Qing Dynasty[J];Modern Chinese History Studies;2001-05
7 Bai Xinliang (Institute of Historical Research, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071);Of the Eight Banners' Education in the Reign of Emperor Qianlong[J];NANKAI JOURNAL;2001-04
8 LIAO Xiao-qing(Institute of History,Liaoning Academy of Social Sciences,Shenyang 110031,China);On the Ruler's Thought of Valuing Sword and Belittling Pen in the Early Qing Dynasty[J];Journal of Liaoning University(Philosophy and Social Science Edition);2007-06
9 GUAN Xue-zhi(Department of General Studies,Shenyang Institute of Engineering,Shenyang 110136,China);Discussion on Han nationalization of Manchu led by cultural changes during migrating to northeast[J];Journal of Shenyang Institute of Engineering(Social Sciences);2008-03
10 ZHAO Zhi-zhong (Department of Literature, Central Nationality University, Beijin g 100081,China);The Bilingual Application of the Earlier Manchu as is Evidenced by the Qing Language Primer[J];Mangchu Studies;2000-01
【Secondary References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 1 Hits
1 ZHANG Hong-wei(The Palace Museum,Beijing 100009,China);Characters of the Publication and Communication about Manchu Books in Early Qing Period[J];Journal of Henan University(Social Science);2009-01
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