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《Ethno-National Studies》 2019-03
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The Worship of Changbai Mountain 长白山 in the Jin Dynasty and Concurrently Discussing the Duality of Jin’s Sacrificial System of Mountains and Rivers

Qiu Jingjia;  
In the Jin dynasty,the Changbai Mountain was invested with the King of Xingguo Lingyin 兴国灵运王(king who gives prosperity and good luck)in emperor Shizong's 世宗 reign,and invested with the Emperor of Kaitian Hongshen 开天弘圣帝(emperor who opens up sky and fosters the sacred)in emperor Zhang-zong's 章宗 reign period of Mingchang 明昌.Besides,in the second year of Taihe泰和,the Jin court also sent officials to pay gratitude to the Changbai Mountain.On the basis of detailed analysis of all relevant records,this paper investigates those events,but focus on the concerned geographical problems,concluding the question that the envoys all took the way of Xianping 咸平 to the Changbai Mountain,and the statement of "going to Huining 会宁Administration"was an error in the text of Jin Shi 金史(History of Jin Dynasty).In the Jurchen's mind,the Changbai Mountain was great and significant because it was the place which they king had come from and their tribes had become prosperous,which was the origin of the Huntong river 混同江,as well as the symbol of the virtue of Jin Dynasty.The Changbai Mountain,as the representative of the traditional Jurchen deities of mountains and rivers,together with the gods of Yue Zheng Hai Du 岳镇海渎(gods of high mountains,strategical posts,great seas and rivers)from Central Plain,comprised the sacrificial system of mountains and rivers in the Jin Dynasty.The latter indicated the tendency of sinicization and the political demand of exhibiting the country's orthodoxy,while the former displayed the rulers' efforts to protect and promote Jurchen's traditional culture.The fusion and symbiosis of two aspects produced the dual characteristics in the ritual system of Jin Dynasty.
【Fund】: 吉林省社会科学基金重大委托项目“长白山金代神庙遗址平面格局及金代祠庙建筑制度研究”(项目编号:2018ZD2)的阶段性成果
【CateGory Index】: K246.4;B933
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