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《Journal of Ecology and Rural Environment》 2012-05
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Remediation of Contaminated Paddy Soil by Immobilization of Pollutants in the Diaojiang Catchment,Guangxi Province

WANG Lin1,2,3,XU Ying-ming1,2,3,LIANG Xue-feng1,2,3,SUN Guo-hong4,SUN Yue-bing1,2,3,LIN Da-song1,2,3(1.Department of Pollution Control,Agro-Environmental Protection Institute,Ministry of Agriculture,Tianjin 300191,China;2.Key Laboratory of Original Agro-Environmental Quality,Ministry of Agriculture,Tianjin 300191,China;3.Tianjin Key Laboratory of Agro-Environment & Agro-Product Safety,Tianjin 300191,China;4.Department of Elementary Science,Tianjin Agricultural University,Tianjin 300384,China)  
Effects of sepiolite,lime and phosphate immobilizing cadmium and lead in contaminated paddy soil in the Diaojiang catchment,Guangxi were investigated through a field experiment,and mechanisms of the effects were analyzed through fractionation of the pollutants in the soil.Results show that the use of these amendments markedly increased yield of the crop,both grain and straw,to the greatest extent,by 25.4% and 28.3%,respectively.The effect of combined application of sepiolite and phosphate was the most significant.The application of these immobilizers significantly decreased Cd and Pb concentrations in all the parts of the plant.Especially in brown rice,the drop reached 65.12% and 61.86%,respectively.The effect of combined application of the immobilizers was more significant than that of the application of only one kind of immobilizer in the above-ground part of the plant.The brown rice produced in the treatment of combined application of sepiolite and phosphate or lime met Maximum Levels of Contaminants in Foods(GB 2762-2005) in Cd concentration.The application of immobilizers,combined or single,significantly reduced the concentrations of TCLP-extractable Cd and Pb(TCLP,i.e.toxicity characteristic leaching procedure),with the maximal possible reduction reaching 28.86% and 45.60%,respectively.Combined application was obviously more effective than the application of only one.To sum up,combined application of sepiolite and phosphate is the most effective recommendation for remediation of Cd and Pb contaminated paddy soil by immobilizing the pollutants in Diaojiang catchment,Guangxi.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(40901154 21177068 21107056);; 农业部农业科研杰出人才及其创新团队资金;; 公益性行业(农业)科研专项(201203045);; 天津市自然科学基金(10JCYBJC06300);; 中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项
【CateGory Index】: X53
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