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《Journal of Ecology and Rural Environment》 2015-03
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High-Temperature Composting of Mixtures of Chicken Manure and Coconut Husk Different in C / N Ratio

DONG Cun-ming;ZHANG Man;DENG Xiao-ken;QIN Hai-li;ZHAO Yan;LIU Xiao-yu;RUAN Yun-ze;Hainan Key Laboratory for Sustainable Utilization of Tropical Bio-Resources, College of Agronomy, Hainan University;Hainan Taigu Biotechnology Company;  
In high-temperature composting experiments,mixture of chicken manure and coconut husk was used as basic raw materials. The experiments were designed to explore effect of C / N ratio,controlled by regulating proportions of chicken manure and coconut husk in the mixture,on some physical-chemical indices of the material under composting,i. e.,temperature,p H,C / N ratio and total nutrients,in an attempt to find the most proper C / N ratio of the raw material for high-temperature composting. Results show that when the mixture was 25 in initial C / N ratio and reached as high as 57 ℃during 14 days of composting,the composts in all the treatments showed declining trends in C / N ratio and contents of organic matter and TC; but in p H,they went up in the first 8 days and down toward the end of the composting; TN and IG(seed germination index) increased during the process. At the end of composting,Treatments F1(20 in initial C/N ratio),Treatment F2(25 in initial C / N ratio) and Treatment F3(30 in initial C / N ratio) was 11. 13,11. 19 and 10. 24,respectively,in C / N ratio; 7. 94%,8. 63% and 8. 29%,respectively,in content of total nutrient and 77. 90%,100. 65%and 93. 30%,respectively in IG.
【Fund】: 应用技术研发与示范推广专项(ZDXM2014038);; 国家自然科学基金(31372142);; 中央财政支持中西部高校提升综合实力专项(ZDZX2013023);; 海南省产学研一体化专项(CXY20130031)
【CateGory Index】: S141.4
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