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《Nanfang Journal of Nursing》 2005-10
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The effect of social support on relapse rate of schizophrenia within one year after first-time hospitalization

CHEN Weixiang,CHEN Mei,CAI Yuqin(Dept.of Nursing Administration,Yancheng 4th People's Hospital,Yancheng 224000,China)  
Objective To investigate the effect of social support on relapse rate of schizophrenia within one year after first-time hospitalization.Methods The 164 standard cases by CCMD-3 were followed up using a social support scale for one year after their initial hospitalization.Another 80 over-15-year-old residents from a local community controls were controls in the study.Results The scores regarding social support in the patients followed up were significantly lower than those from the controls(U=7.82,P0.001).The three items on social support in the relapse cases were significantly lower in scores than those in the cases without relapse(P0.001 or P0.05).The relapse rate between those with more social support and those with less than the controls was significantly different(9.25% vs.4.75%,2=33.80,P0.005).Conclusion It tends that the schizophrenia patients are less supported by the society.Those obtaining less social support are susceptible to relapse within one year.That means we nurses should evaluate comprehensively the social support for the patients and appeal to more attention from the communities and social organizations so that the social support system can function to diminish the relapse of schizophrenia within one year.
【Fund】: 盐城市科技局、卫生局2004年医学科技发展计划项目(2004-22号)
【CateGory Index】: R749.3
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