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《South China Fisheries Science》 2012-05
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Development of immune organs at early stages of Trachinotus ovatus

CAI Wenchao1,3,OU Youjun1,LI Jia'er1,SUN Peng2(1.Key Lab.of South China Sea Fishery Resources Exploitation & Utilization,Ministry of Agriculture;Key Lab.of Fisheries Genetic Resources & Aquaculture,Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences;South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences,Guangzhou 510300,China;2.Key and Open Lab.of Marine and Estuarine Fisheries Resources and Ecology,Ministry of Agriculture,Shanghai 200090,China; 3.Guangdong Laboratory Animal Monitoring Institute,Guangzhou 510260,China)  
A histological examination was conducted to study the ontogenetic development of 3 immune organs of Trachinotus ovatus at early developmental stages.The anlage of head kidney was the first organ to be observed at 2 day-post-hatch(dph),and then followed by spleen(3 dph) and thymus(3 dph).The developmental process for head kidney includes 3 stages which are anlage forming stage,developmental stage of hematopoiesis and degraded stage of urinary function.When the fish became postlarva(18~22 dph),the distribution of renal tubules became less and its urinary function degraded.At 6~8 dph,the hematopoietic stem cells began to differentiate into large amount of immature red cells.At 22 dph,the spleen became larger and more mature,and the inner blood cells were involved in blood circulation.The number and size of thymus cells with weak basophilia grew after anlage of thymus appeared.At 10~13 dph,the basophilia of thymus cells and the number of lymphocyte grew,and the thymus began to differentiate to inner zone and outer zone.During the end of juvenile stage(20~22 dph),the inner zone and outer zone became distinct,indicating the maturity of thymus.The transfer of lymphocyte between thymus and head kidney had not been observed.
【Fund】: 中国水产科学研究院基本科研业务费资助(2012A0401);; 中国水产科学研究院水产种质资源与养殖技术重点开放实验室课题(2011A03);; 农业部海洋与河口渔业资源及生态重点开放实验室课题(开-09-09)
【CateGory Index】: S917.4
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