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《Journal of Agro-environmental Science》 2002-06
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Environmental Quality of Treated Wastewater and Its Reuse for Irrigation

HU Xue feng, ZHU Qin, CHEN Bin, DENG Hui hong(Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200072,China)  
In order to reuse of treated water from wastewater treatment plants, we monitored the quality of outlet waters from 4 wastewater treatment plants in Shanghai. The treated domestic wastewater and industrial wastewater were discussed separately as they differed in the characteristics. The results showed: (1) High contents of N, P and microorganisms were found in the treated domestic wastewater. Therefore, proper patterns of irrigation, such as trickle irrigation, should be selected when it was reused for agriculture to avoid pathogen and nutrient pollution to crops and environment. Because of low heavy metal contents in the treated domestic wastewater, neither soil nor crops have potential of pollutants from heavy metals in a short period. However, risk of heavy metal pollution could not be prevented as heavy metals are easily accumulated in soil. (2) Organic pollutant contents in the treated chemical wastewater was high; Cl- was as high as two times the recommended limit value in《Water Quality Standards for Agricultural Irrigation》; and Zn and Cd et al were also higher than expected. To prevent from disastrous consequence to the agricultural ecological environments, such secondary wastewater should not be used for irrigation unless it is treated by more advanced processes.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(49831070)
【CateGory Index】: X703
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