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《Journal of Agro-environmental Science》 2005-03
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Extraction Method for Available Arsenic in Acid Soils

HUANG Rui-qing, WANG Guo, TANG Rong-yan, LIAO Shang-qiang, CHEN Yan-hui(Department of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China)  
In order to choose a best extractant for predicting the availability of arsenic in acid soils, three extractants, 0.5 mol·L-1 NaHCO3 (pH8.5), 0.5 mol·L-1 NaH2PO4 and 0.1 mol·L-1 HCl, were compared by using some acid paddy soils and vegetable soils as well as the edible parts of rice and the vegetables grown in the soils collected from Fujian Province. The pH values of the soils ranged from 3.92 to 7.03. The best extraction conditions for the chosen extractant were also studied. The amounts of the available arsenic extracted by the three extractants decreased in the order of 0.1 mol·L-1 HCl0.5 mol·L-1 NaH2PO40.5 mol·L-1 NaHCO3 (pH8.5). The available arsenic extracted by the three extractants all showed significant correlations with the arsenic content of the rice grains (air-dried basis) and the aboveground parts of the vegetables (fresh basis), indicating that all the extractants were good for predicting the availability of the soil arsenic. Among the three extractants, NaH2PO4 was best because the correlation was most significant between the available As extracted by it and As contents of both the rice grains and the aboveground parts of the vegetables, the correlation coefficients (r) being 0.628 and 0.824, respectively. The extracted arsenic of the soils rich in available arsenic by NaH2PO4 increased with increasing ratio of solution to soil until 15∶1, with increasing shaking time until 120 min, and with increasing shaking velocity until 250 r·min-1. The soils poor in available arsenic reached their maximal extracted amounts when the ratio of solution to soil was less than 2, the shaking time was less than 60 min, and the shaking velocity was less than 250 r·min-1. For ensuring the complete extraction from both the soils with higher and lower available As, the best extraction conditions by NaH2PO4 were 15∶1 of the ratio of solution to soil, 120 minutes of shaking time with the shaking velocity of 250 r·min-1.
【Fund】: 福建省科技厅重点攻关项目(2003Y026)
【CateGory Index】: S153
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