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《Journal of Agro-Environment Science》 2008-01
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Characteristics of Heavy Metals Distribution in Agricultural Soils of Hainan Island and Its Environment Significances

ZHAO Zhi-zhong1,2, A W Rate2, TANG Shao-xia1, BI Hua1 (1. Resource, Environment and Tourism Department, Hainan Normal University, Haikou 571158, China; 2. School of Earth and Geographical Sciences of Western Australia, Perth WA 6009, Australia)  
The distribution of the heavy mental elements (HMEs) in eluvial horizons, illuvial horizons and parent material horizons of 26 agricultural soil profiles in Hainan Island was studied. The results indicate that the content range of HMEs in both eluvial horizons and illuvial horizons has a positive correlation with the content range in parent material horizons, i.e., the HMEs in both eluvial horizons and illuvial horizons are associated with the HMEs in parent material horizons. For most of HMEs except As and Pb, the contents of HMEs in different horizons are lower than its average contents in the soils of the world. Both residual phase and exchangeable phase have the highest and lowest percentage in each horizon respectively for all the HMEs except Cd that has the lowest percentage in organic phase in each horizon. All HMEs can be divided into 3 groups according to the distribution of the HMEs in eluvial horizons: Cr, Cd, Ni have a low contents in each layer of the soil profiles, and the elements in both eluvial horizons and illuvial horizons are interpreted to be mainly inherited from parent materials; the group of Cu and Zn is also mainly inherited from parent materials but Zn has outside source. There is no surface enrichment for Cu and Zn. As and Pb are the third group, they have the same origins as the second group but have accumulated in both eluvial horizons and illuvial horizons and resulted in environmental problems to some degree.
【Fund】: 教育部科学技术研究重点项目(地方03148、地方02166);; 海南省教育厅科学技术项目(Hikj200311);; 国家自然基金项目(40061003);; 海南省自然科学基金项目(40304);; 中国科学院边缘海地质重点实验室项目(0218)
【CateGory Index】: X53
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