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《Journal of Agro-Environment Science》 2008-05
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Vegetation and Competitive Intensity of Dominant Plants in Wasteland of Lead-Zinc Mine in HuiXian LuoBa

XIE Yong, ZHANG Ren-zhi, DONG Bo, ZHAO Jian-hua, XU Hua-wei ( College of Resources and Environmental Sciences,Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou 730070, China)  
The Chemical analysis on difference time of wasteland in lead-zinc mine in HuiXian LuoBa indicates that the main pollutant type is some heavy metals such as Pb、Zn and so on. The soils contained exceptionally high concentrations of Pb, Zn. The highest content of Zn= 480 800 mg·kg-1 and Pb=6 298 mg·kg-1. The heavy metal contains in wasteland are decreasing with the abandon time growing. Discove from the species investigate on plant instauration that the phytotoxicity ofPb、Zn may be the major obstacle factor for plants to object on the waste- land. In the investigation, Record 35 species plants found growing on the wasteland. They belong to 16 sections and 20 families. Many of them are annual plants or two- year plants. The dominant species is Artemisia vulgaris of compositae. There are mainly microcoenses such as Artemisia vulgaris+Plantago asiatica and Artemisia vulgaris community+Camelina microcarpa community in 11 a wasteland. But there are manymicrocoenses such as Artemisia vulgaris, Digitaria sanguinalis, Chenopodiumglaucumsingle population in 6 a wasteland. 2 plants were composing of a community scarcely of Equisetum ramosissimum+Xanthium sibiricum and one unstable plaque of plants in 3 a wasteland. Better vegetation is forming on 11 a wasteland. The competition intensity of dominant species has a strong relativity to the coverage of competitors. Intra-specific competition intensity is 4.063. Inter-specific competition intensity is 3.031. Competitive intensity of dominant plants was coming from intra-specific competition. Artemisia vulgaris of dominant species that it is widespread used phytoremediation of wasteland in lead-zinc mine.
【Fund】: 甘肃省环保世纪行基金资助
【CateGory Index】: Q948
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