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《Journal of Agro-Environment Science》 2009-01
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Impact of Sulfur Dioxide upon Physiological Indices and Spectrum Characteristics of Rice

ZHANG Jin-heng1, LI Yue-peng2,1, HAN Chao1 (1.Institute of Eco-environment & Agriculture Information, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266042, China; 2.College of Plant Science and Technology, Qingdao University of Agriculture, Qingdao 266109, China)  
Field experiment was carried out with a split plot design with rice variety named Lindao 10. Rice samples were exposed to sulfur dioxide at different concentrations inside fumigation chamber. After measuring visible and near infrared radiance of the canopies of rice, leaves of rice canopy were sampled to analyze sap pH, chlorophyll concentration and sulfur content of rice leaves. Chlorophyll content and sap pH of leaves reduced and sulfur content of leaves increased with the increased SO2 fumigation concentration. Investigation on the characteris- tics of rice canopy spectral curves after sulfure dioxide fumigated indicated that the differences in SO2 concentration influenced the spectral reflectance especially at the green reflectance peak and red absorption trough. The characteristic troughs between green and red wavelengths and between blue and green wavelengths on the curves almost disappeared at the higher SO2 concentration treatment. The correlation between physiological indices (chlorophyll concentration, sulfur content and pH value) and the average spectral reflectance of(550±10)nm and(770± 10)nm showed that the average reflectance of(550 ±10)nm and(770±10)nm had negative correlation with leaf sulfur content and positive correlation with chlorophyll concentration and pH value respectively. These results can provide a basic theory for monitoring growth of rice under air sulfur dioxide pollution environment using remote sensing.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(40601062);; 863计划课题(2007AA10Z205)
【CateGory Index】: X173
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