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《Journal of Agro-Environment Science》 2010-05
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Quantitive Appraisal of Potential Environmental Benefits from the Development of Energy Agriculture and Its Geographical Distribution in China

ZHANG Ya-ping1,SUN Ke-qin1,ZUO Yu-hui2(1.School of Energy and Environment,Southeast University,Nanjing 210096,China;2.State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse,School of the Environment,Nanjing University,Nanjing 210093,China)  
Nowadays,China is facing a series of development problems like energy shortage,environmental pollution and ecological deterioration.Bioenergy industry would be a new way to address these problems.Energy agriculture,as the threshold of bioenergy use,would be flourishing in the near future.The development of energy agriculture can restore the abandoned land,reduce the emission of air pollutants and realize the contemporary carbon cycle,showing high potential environmental benefits.Through summarizing existing methods,a model for evaluating environmental benefits resulting from energy agriculture development was developed,and their distribution patterns across China were preliminarily examined based on three aspects,i.e.,reduction of air pollution and rural non-point pollution and ecological effects.Reduction of air pollution was assessed by the comparison of air pollutants emission between direct combustion of biomass energy and use of coal equivalent.Reduction of rural non-point pollution was calculated by the emission reduction of N and P owing to the use of biogas from human and livestock feces.Ecological effects were evaluated by the method of restoration cost,i.e.the use of biogas avoiding chopping forest to get fuel.It was found that biomass energy resource was abundant in China with a total quantity of rural biomass energy resource of 30.88× 108 tce(tons of coal equivalent),5.98 ×108 tce of which could be potentially used for energy production,reducing emitting 16.74 Mt of SO2,2.47 Mt of NOX,1.5 Gt of CO2,75.24 Mt of CH4,6.26 Mt of TN and 4.67Mt of TP respectively,and chopping 21.24 Mhm2 of forested land potentially and theoretically.Moreover,the potential economic benefits from the development of energy agriculture basically varied from province to province,showing highest values over the southeast and northeast of China as well as Henan,Hebei and Shandong Provinces,while lowest values occurring in Shanghai,Beijing,Tianjin,Ningxia and Hainan cities and provinces.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)(2007CB210208)
【CateGory Index】: S210.3
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