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《Journal of Agro-Environment Science》 2012-04
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Toxicity of Two Quaternary Ammonium Cationic Surfactants to Aquatic Organisms

LI Xiang-ying,YANG Fa-hui,LI Xiu-huan,LIU Feng,MU Wei*(College of Plant Protection,Shandong Agricultural University,Key Laboratory of Pesticide Toxicology & Application Technique of Shandong Province,Tai′an 271018,China)  
Quaternary ammonium cationic surfactants are one of the most widely used surfactants in the world and Scenedesmus oblique,Daphnia magna and Brachydonio rerio stand as three prime examples of aquatic-ecosystem.In order to evaluate the safety of two quaternary ammonium cationic surfactants on aquatic organisms,S.oblique,D.magna and B.rerio were exposed to assess the toxic effects of 1227 and C8-10,according to the commendatory standard test method named Experimental Guideline for Environmental Safety Evaluation of Chemical Pesticide.The results indicated that both 1227 and C8-10 with S.oblique showed obviously dose-response relationship at the concentration from 0.05 mg·L-1 to 0.5 mg·L-1.The inhibition rate increased significantly with the increase of concentration and 0.5 mg·L-1 of C8-10 could kill the S.oblique cells.Meanwhile,there was a significant time-response relationship between the inhibition and the exposure time.The inhibition rate increased at first,then decreased and the highest inhibition rate happened at 72 h.The 96 h-EC50 values of 1227 and C8-10 to S.oblique were 0.109 mg·L-1 and 0.103 mg·L-1,respectively.The 48 h-LC50 values of 1227 and C8-10 to D.magna were 1.56×10-2 mg·L-1 and 1.45×10-2 mg·L-1,respectively.The 96 h-LC50 values of 1227 and C8-10 to B.rerio were 2.36 mg·L-1 and 2.19 mg·L-1,respectively.All of the toxicity of C8-10 were higher than 1227.LC50 values of D.magna and B.rerio decreased gradually with the exposure time increasing.
【Fund】: 公益性行业(农业)科研专项资助(200903033)
【CateGory Index】: X174
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