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《Journal of Agro-Environment Science》 2013-09
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A Reduce-Retain-Reuse-Restore Technology for Controlling Rural Non-point Pollution in China:Eco-Retain Technology

SHI Wei-ming;XUE Li-hong;WANG Jian-guo;LIU Fu-xing;SONG Xiang-fu;YANG Lin-zhang;Institute of Soil Science,Chinese Academy of Sciences;Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences;Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences;  
Rural non-point pollution is characterized with random emission paths,wide-ranging emission areas,and large emission amounts.An eco-retain technology is vital to block pollutants from transporting into water body systems for controlling rural non-point source pollution.This paper reviewed eco-retain technologies currently used in the world.The ecological ditches not only effectively remove nitrogen and phosphorous in water discharged from agricultural fields,but function as ecological landscape without occupying additional land.Artificial wetlands,wetland paddy fields and pre-reservoirs are also able to remove nitrogen and phosphorus pollutants effectively.However,these ecological approaches occupy large land,which restricts their applications in economically developed areas of China.The interception and pu rification of pollutants at land-water interface,represented by T-submerged dam,shows relatively high potential to retain rural non-point source pollutants.Other technologies as buffer zones,grass cover,denitrification ditch,and wetland-multistage ponds also have good applica tion prospects.Application of eco-retaining technology for rural non-point pollution control should take into account the ecological,environ mental,and landscape functions,in full combination with regional environmental characteristics and social-economic conditions.
【Fund】: 国家水专项太湖项目(2012ZX07101-004);; 环保部公益性行业项目(201309035);; 江苏省农业科技自主创新资金[CX(12)046]资助
【CateGory Index】: X33
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