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《Journal of Agro-Environment Science》 2013-12
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Soil Characteristics of Different Microhabitats of Chinese Prickly Ash in Karst Mountain Areas of Guizhou Province

LIAO Hong-kai;LI Juan;LONG Jian;ZHANG Wen-juan;LIU Ling-fei;Guizhou Key Laboratory of Mountain Environment, Guizhou Normal University;Department of Geography and Environment Science, Guizhou Normal University;  
The Chinese prickly ash is an economically important plant for water and soil conservation. An investigation was carried out into soil characteristics of different microhabitats of the Chinese prickly ash in the typical Karst region, southwest Guizhou Province. Compared with the normal soils in the region, soil organic carbon(SOC), labile organic carbon(LOC), total nitrogen(TN), alkaline hydrolysis nitrogen(AN), and substrate-induced respiration(SIR)were all significantly higher in the stone gully and stone pit shaped microhabitats, whereas lower in stone crevice, stone cavern, and stone groove ones. The proportion of LOC to total SOC ranged from 12.61% to 15.73%, with the highest in stone groove, followed by stone gully, and lowest in normal soil. Large aggregates were dominant, while0.25 mm aggregates was less than 5%. Path analyses showed SOC content was the most important factor affecting SIR, followed by LOC, with path coefficients of1.530 and 0.869 for SOC and LOC, respectively. The microhabitats in Chinese prickly ash could be divided into three types, i.e. gully-pit type, normal soil, and groove-crevice. The contents of SOC, SIR, TN, AN, and LOC in soils of gully-pit shaped microhabitats significantly increased by 73.38%, 110.26%, 37.01%, 44.44%, and 59.73%, respectively, compared with those of the groove-crevice shaped ones. These results suggest that constructing gully-pit shaped microhabitats via engineering means, would be a good approach to ecological restoration and agricultural sustainability in Karst region.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(40971160 31360121);; 贵州省学位与研究生教育教学改革研究项目(黔财教[2011]231号);; 贵州师范大学资助博士研究项目;; 贵州省科技厅-贵州师范大学联合基金项目(黔科合J字LKS[2012]25号)
【CateGory Index】: S573.9
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