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《JOURNAL OF NAIJING UNIVERSITY (NATURAL SCIENCES)》 2000-02
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THE BIOCHEMICAL TOXICITY OF IMIDACLOPRID AND RH-5849 ON EARTHWORS (EISENIA FOETIDA)

LUO Yu,ZANG Yu,ZHONG Yuan,KONG Zhi ming (National Key Laboratory of Poullution Control and Resource Reuse of China, Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210093, China)  
In this paper, several biochemical toxicity tests were conducted to evaluate the biochemical toxicity of 2 new pesticides, imidacloprid and RH 5849 on earthworms (Eisenia foetida) in terms of their effects on the activites of cellulase and superoxide dismutase (SOD). The earthworms were exposed in the solution of pesticides under different exposure concentrations and during different exposure time. The results showed that imidacloprid could be observed to inhibit the activity of cellulase. The celluase activites in Eisenia foetida were decreased with an increase in the exposure concetrations of imidacloprid and had especially significant reduction ( P 0.01)when the concentrations of imidacloprid reached 0.1?mg/L. From the results of exposure to imidacloprid at the concentration of 0.2?mg/L over different time, we can find the same inhibition effect. The cellulase activities in Eisenia foetida were decreased with an increase in the exposure time of imidacloprid and had significant reduction ( P 0.05)when the exposure time reached 3 hours. However, when the concentration of imidacloprid was high as the 1/2?LC 50 (0.5?mg/L),the cellulase activity of Eisenia foetida repomoted to be higher than that of exopsed to 0.1?mg/L and lower than the control, which may be caused by the death of earthworm and auto lysis of earthworms. Rh 5840 showed the similar inhibition effects on the cellulase activity of Eisania foetida , but the results did not show signficant statistical differences. As to the effects of the two pesticides on the SOD activity in Eisania foetida , it can be seen that imidacloprid showed inhibition effect on the SOD activity at low concentration and promotion effect at higher concentrations. After 4 hours'exposure unber the concentration of 0.1?mg/L, the SOD activity decreased especially significantly ( P 0.01)and as the concentrations increased (0.2?mg/L,0.5?mg/L)the SOD activities began to increase and were higher than the control. As to the effect of imidacloprid over various exposure time, it showed inhibition effects on the SOD activity of earthworms in 1h, 2h and 3h, but promoted the SOD activities when the exposure time reached 4 hours. RH 5749 did not have inhibition effect in the SOD activity. The SOD activities were observed to have especially significant increase under the exposure concentration of 5?mg/L and continued to promoted with the increase of concentrations of RH 5849.Shown from the results of different exposure time under 25?mg/L?RH 5849, the SOD activities increased when the exposure time extended and the dose effect relationship displayed.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金!(No :396 70 15 3)资助项目
【CateGory Index】: X17
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