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《Journal of Nanjing University(Natural Sciences)》 2006-06
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Interannual Relationship between Arctic Sea Ice Concentration Anomaly and China Air Temperature Variation during Winter

Xie Xiao-Han,Yang Xiu-Qun (Institute of Severe Weather and Climate,Nanjing University,Nanjing,210093,China)[KH*2/3D]  
Interannual relationship between Arctic sea ice concentration anomaly and China air temperature variation during winter is investigated with the observed Arctic sea ice concentration data,air temperature records at 160 stations in China and NCEP reanalysis data for atmosphere during 1957-2001.Arctic winter sea ice area has a decreasing trend over the period of 1957-2001,except in the Okhotsk Sea where the sea ice area has an increasing trend.Accordingly,the Arctic Oscillation strengthens and the winter temperature rises in most part of China.Superimposed upon the trend is the interannual variability. On the interannual scale,the typical pattern in the sea ice variability is characterized by the sea ice anomalies in the Greenland and Bering Seas opposite to those in the Sea of Okhotsk,the east of Barents Sea,Kara Sea and Hudson Bay.This pattern in the sea ice corresponds to visible EU and WP teleconnection patterns in the 500 hPa height field.Less sea ice in the Greenland and Bering Seas together with more sea ice in the Sea of Okhotsk,the east of Barents Sea,Kara Sea and Hudson Bay during winter coincides with weaker Siberian high,Aleutian low and East Asian monsoon,stronger westerly in East Asia,and warmer air temperature in most part of China;and vice versa.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(2004CB418303);; 国家自然科学基金(40425009 40233028)
【CateGory Index】: P467
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