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Heterosis and Correlation Analysis on Yield Characters of Reciprocal-hybrid Combinations of Wheat

ZHOU Fang-ju et al (Xiangfan Agricultural Science Academy,Xiangfan,Hubei 441057)  
Yield characterizations of 21 hybrids F1 from 106 hybrid crosses were analyzed with heterosis and correlation.The results showed that there were heterosis in all 21 hybrids,and high-yield hybrids had better cooperation with three yield characterizations (spike kernels,kernels/head and 1 000-kernel-weights).Among three factors,however,spike kernels was the important contribution to grain yields (path=0.853 6),kernels/head was the second (path=0.435 5),but 1 000-kernel-weights was the lowest (path=0.249 2).Analysis on significant heterosis crosses showed that,during selecting good cross hybrids,it should be to pay attention to spike kernels and kernels/head on the environmental condition of Hubei Province.
【Fund】: 湖北省农业科技创新中心小麦育种专项(200762042042647001);; 国家现代农业产业技术体系建设专项(Supported by the earmarked fund for Modern Agro-industry Technology Research System);; 湖北省“十一五”重大科技攻关小麦育种专项(2006AA201A04)经费资助
【CateGory Index】: S512.1
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