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《Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University》 1984-02
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SEASONAL VARIATIONS OF COLD HARDINESS IN WINTER WHEAT(TRITICUM AESTIVUM L.)AND ITS RELATION TO TEMPERATURE

Zhu Genhai and Zhu Peiren  
Seasonal variations of cold hardiness under natural conditions and the effects of temperature on dehardening under controled conditions were studied with winter wheat in Nanjing. The results showed that variation in cold hardiness of winter wheat may be divided into three stages, i.e. the stage of increasing hardines s(hardening),maintaining hardiness and losing hardiness(dehardening).It was observed in the field conditions that the first stage (hardening) was a short period in Nanjing Area. During the most time of winter, wheat seedling was in the second stage (maintaining hardiness). At this stage, temperature increasing even in a short period would make the cold hardiness of seedling decrease. Those effects became clearer in the late winter. Dehardening is the primary danger to cause freezing injury in cold weather after a warm spell in Nanjing Area. The experiment conducted under the controlled condition demonstrated that dehardening of winter wheat may be accomplished by exposing seedlings to temperature above 10℃ for 3—4 days.Rate of electrolyte efflux from tissues treated with serial low temperatures was observed to be a sigmoid curve which fit in with Logistic function.The turning point value(temperature)of Logistic function was demonstrated to coincide. with mean killing temperature of tissue.
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