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《Journal of Jinling Institute of Technology》 2007-03
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Analysis on Combining Ability and Heritability of Appearance and Milling Quality Traits in Two-Line Indica Hybrid Rice

ZONG Shou-yu,LV Chuan-gen,ZOU Jiang-shi (Institute of Food Crops,Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Nanjing 210014,China)  
The combining ability and heritability of nine appearance and milling quality traits in two-line indica hybrid rice were studied based on NCⅡ mating design by using 10 newly developed photo-thermo-sensitive genic male sterile rice(PTGMS) and 5 elite restorers.The results were as follows: ① Both additive and nonadditive effects were significant in nine appearance and milling quality traits except brown rice rate(BRR),in which nonadditive effects was insignificant.The additive effect was principal in milled rice length(MRL),milled rice width(MRW),milled rice thickness(MRT),ratio of kernel rice length to width(L/W),brown rice rate(BRR),milled rice rate(MRR) and head milled rice rate(HMRR).However,chalky rice percentage(CR) and chalky-area percentage(CA) were mainly controlled by noadditive effects.② Of all nine appearance and milling quality traits in F1,most of them were influenced more greatly by restore lines than PTGMS,only CR was influenced more greatly by PTGMS than restore lines.③ Based on the analysis on combining ability,it was suggested that 208S,GD-7S,GD-8S and Y3 were excellent among the tested ten sterile lines,and it was possible to use them to obtain some combinations with good grain quality by screening large numbers of combinations;the best restore line was 953077,then Yangdao 6,and Ning108.④ The order of H2N in the nine appearance and milling quality traits was: L/WMRLMRWMRTBRRHMRRMRRCACR.
【Fund】: 国家863计划项目资助(2003AA212040)
【CateGory Index】: S511.21
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