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《Journal of Nanjing Institute of Meteorology》 1996-01
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NUMERICAL STUDY OF OROGRAPHIC EFFECT ON AMPLIFICATION OF TYPHOON PRECIPITATION

Zheng Qinglin Wu Jun (Chinese Academy of Meteorological Science,Beijing 100081)  
By employing a numerical typhoon model with a threefold structure horizontally,ex- periments were conducted with terrain contained and without to investigate the impact of landing typhoon 9216 on the enhancement of its torrential rainfall.Results show that 1)the model in- volves in structure terrains at a range of scales with both the fine structure of the key sector and the effect of the large-scale ambient flow field considered so that the track and the distribution of strong wind and rainbelts can be better predicted;2)orographic effect is responsible for the im- provement on convective rainfall conditions,causing amplified rising at mid-to low-levels as com- pared to no-terrain run,with significantly intensified precipitation on the windward slope,in which convective rainfall accounts for a greater part.In contrast,no-terrain model results indi- cate that the typhoon is positioned northward,so are the easterly/westerly wind belts,and no expected substantial reduction occurs in vigor of the onland typhoon.It follows that the conver- gence due to orographic lifting contributes greatly to precipitation enhancement.
【Fund】: 国家八五攻关课题85-906-07-04-04资助项目
【CateGory Index】: P444
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