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《Nanjing Journal of Social Sciences》 2019-06
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On the Big Data as a Basic Method of Historical Research

Liang Renzhi;  
When discussing the issue of historiography research in the big data era,we should not rush to create new concepts or define them as a new paradigm of Historiography Research,however,we should pay attention to the basic problems of how to use big data and how to influence it from the practical aspect. It is better to regard "big data"as a new basic method of historical research than to regard "history in the era of big data"as a new branch of historiography. The concrete application of big data in historical research should not be satisfied with the increase of historical data and the convenience of retrieval methods,but should pay more attention to the change of historical research thinking: First,based on the completeness of historical data,to realize the transformation from a partial understanding to a comprehensive understanding of historical issues,to avoid a blind eye and a blind man and an elephant; and to shift from a special study of causality to one that takes into account relevant relations,so as to better predict the basic trends of historical development,to better guide the practice. In the era of big data,historical researchers must abandon the illusion of exhausting historical data and turn from collecting historical data to deeply interpreting historical data so as to realize a deeper and more scientific understanding of historical issues.
【Fund】: 国家社科基金一般项目“近代徽州乡村社会转型研究”(18BZS142)的阶段性成果
【CateGory Index】: K061
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