The Possibility or Impossibility of Zhongyong: On the Dilemma of the Empirical Psychological Studies on Zhongyong
LIU Chang;School of Psychology,Nanjing Normal University;
Zhongyong 中庸, according to the interpretation of Zheng Xuan of the Eastern Han Dynasty, means the lofty use of equilibrium and harmony. Based on modern interpretation, it can be argued that Zhongyong is the highest virtue to adhere to the principle of goodness and use appropriate and reasonable methods consistently in all daily life. Only those who are of utmost sincerity, of utmost benevolence, and of great wisdom and courage, can reach the highest moral realm of Zhongyong, and do things according to the principle and method of Zhongyong. For most people, however, Zhongyong is hard to become a reality, so it is only one of the Confucian ideas that belongs to the category of axiological "ought's". The strong psychological experience of Zhongyong and the impossibility of the practice of Zhongyong for the majority means that, there is a serious internal paradox in the psychological empirical study of Zhongyong based on a large number of samples, causing the empirical study of Zhongyong not to be accepted as a true psychology of Zhongyong. The strong psychological experience characteristics of Zhongyong shows that, the reasonable approach to psychological study of Zhongyong is only dependent on the qualitative study of psychological interpretation.
【CateGory Index】： B2;B84-0