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Effect of Electromagnetic Pulse Irradiation on Structure and Function of Leydig Cells in Mice

Shui Ming WANG 1 , De Wen WANG 1 , Rui Yun PENG 1 , Ya Bing GAO 1 , Yi YANG 1 , Wen Hua HU 1 , Hao Yu CHEN 1 , You Ren ZHANG 2 , Yan GAO 1 (1.Institute of Radiation, Medicine Academy of Millitary Medical Science, Beijing 100850, China; 2. Department of Nuclear Medicine, the 307 th Hospital of PLA, Beijing 100039, China)  
Objective: To explore the effect of electromagnetic pulse (EMP) irradiation on structure and function of Leydig cells in mice. Methods: One hundred and fourteen male Kunming mice were randomly divided into irradiated and control group, the former radiated generally by 8×10 3 V/m, 2×10 4 V/m and 6×10 4 V/m EMP respectively five times within two minutes. Pathological changes of Leydig cells were observed by light and electron microscope.Serum testosterone (T), luteinizing hormone (LH) and estradiol (E2) were measured dynamically by radioimmunoassay at 6 h, 1 d, 3 d, 7 d, 14 d and 28 d after irradiation. Results: Main pathological changes were edema and vacuolation, swelling of cytoplasmic mitochondria,reduce of lipid droplets, pale staining of most of lipid droplets, and partial or complete cavitation of lipid droplets in Leydig cells within 28 days after EMP radiation. Compared with normal controls, serum T decreased in all in different degrees within 28 days, and dropped significantly at 6 h~14 d, 6 h~7 d and 1 d~28 d after 8×10 3 V/m, 2×10 4 V/m and 6×10 4 V/m EMP irradiation( P 0.05 or P 0.01 ). EMP irradiation caused no significant changes in serum LH and E2. Conclusions: Leydig cells are among those that are the most susceptible to EMP irradiatioin. EMP irradiation may cause significant injury in structure and function of Leydig cells in mice, whose earlier and continuous effect is bound to affect sexual function and sperm production.
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