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《Journal of Henan Agricultural University》 1993-04
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Genetic Analysis on the Contents of Grain Protein and Protein Components in Wheat Ⅱ Genetic Model and Correlation

Lü Debin Huo Qingtao Xia Baigen Li Lianzhi Yan Zhifu (Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450002)  
Six wheat parents and their diallel crosses were used in this experiment. The genetic model of grain protein content and protein components in wheat were studied and the correlations among the traits involved were analysized. Results indicated that the inheritance of the traits of grain protein content, glutenin and gliadin content per 100 gram grain, glutenin and globulin content per 100 gram protein fitted the model of additive-dominance. Genetic model for albumin content per 100 gram protein was found to be additive; Genes governing the traits of glutenin and gliadin content per 100 gram protein performed partial and/or complete dominance. The dominance to overdominance gene action was found for glutenin content per 100 gram grain. The high values of glutenin and gliadin content per 100 gram grain, globulin content per 100 gram protein were controlled by recessive allels and the low value by dominant allels. However, contrary results were found for grain protein content and glutenin content per 100 gram protein. Results from correlation analysis indicated that the interferential effect was existed between two groups of protein components, in which the albumin and globulin was classified as one group and the gliadin and glutenin as another, but the positive correlations were found between two components within group. Also, the ratio of dominance and recessive genes controlling the traits studied for each parent has been discussed in this paper.
【Fund】: 河南省自然科学基金
【CateGory Index】: S512
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