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《Ningxia Medical Journal》 2003-08
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Feasibility of three different anesthesia for elderly upper abdominal surgery

LIANG Hua,TAO Guo-cai,GUO Yong-jun.(The Fifth Hosp. of PLA,Yinchuan 750004,China)  
Objectives To evaluate the efficacy of three anesthesia for elderly upper abdominal surgery.Methods Sixty ASA Ⅰ-Ⅱ elderly patients,scheduled for elective upper abdominal surgery,were divided randomly into epidural block group(A),general anesthesia group(B) and combined general and epidural anesthesia group(C).The patients were premeditated with intramuscular midazolam 0.1 mg/kg and atropine 0.01 mg/kg.In both A and B groups anesthesia was induced with midazolam 0.2mg/kg,fentanyl 5 μg/kg,etomidate 3mg/kg,propofol 0.5mg/kg atracurium 0.6mg/kg,and was maintain with intravenous infusion of propofol 4-10 ml/h and/or inhalation of 1%-2% enflurane and intermittent bolus of atracurium and fentanyl.In both A and B groups epidural block was performed at T 8,9 and an epidural catheter was place and 0.25% bupivacaine + 1.0% lidocaine 10-15ml was given before induction of general anesthesia and during operation the local anesthetics were infused at rate of 4-7ml/h.hemodynamics was measured with impendence cardiography and intraoperative awareness,postoperative restlessness and anesthetic dosage were recorded,Blood samples were taken before anesthesia,immediately befor operation,30,60,90,120 and after extubation for determination of plasma insulin,cortisol,glucose,epinephrine.Results (1)plasina glucose,cortisol level increased significantly at 30,60,120 min after skin incision and peaked at the end of operation in three group(P0.05) and was slightly lower in group C than another both groups.The difference was significant only at 60 min after skin incision.(2)there are no significant change in insulin during operation.(3)Plasma epinephrine level increased significantly at 30,60 min after skin incision in both A and B groups and peaked at immediately after extubation in group B.(4)MAP HR increased significantly at 30,60 min after skin incision in both A and B groups.And peaked at immediate after extubation in group B and there are no significant change in group C.Conclusions Epidural block combined with general anesthesia is applied better for elderly upper abdominal surgery,and reduces traumatic stimulation produced by surgical opoeration.
【CateGory Index】: R614
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【Secondary References】
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