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《JOURNAL OF CHINA AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY》 1998-03
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Heterosis of Grain Quality Characters of Hybrid Wheat

Hao Guixia; Song Xiyun; You Mingshan ;Liu Guangtian (Dept. of Plant Genetics and Breeding)  
30 hybrids with T. timopheevi cytoplasm and 30 hybrids with T. aestivum cyto-plasm were obtained from crossing 6 T-type male sterile lines and their B-lines with 5 T-type restoring lines. Meanwhile 8 hybrids with Aekotschyri cytoplasm and 8 hybrids with T. aestivum cytoplasm were obtained similarly with 4 K-type male sterile lines and 2 K-type restoring lines. The heterosis of grain quality characters of their F1 and F2 generation were studied. The results showed that the heterosis of grain protein content,dry and wet gluten content in F1 and F2 generation hybrids with T. timopheevi- or Ae. kotschyri- or T.aestivum cytoplasm were significant,and their variation ranges were also bigger. Most of these crosses presented positive heterosis over both parents. These results were different from previous studies, thus suggesting the possibility of increasing grain protein content,dry and wet gluten content of hybrid wheat by means of heterosis. However,the heterosis of Zeleny sedimentation values of F1 and F2 hybrids were mainly negative,suggesting that it is difficult to increase Zeleny sedimentation value and bread baking quality through hybrid wheat. Even though, to some extent certain F1 and F2 hybrids of some crosses still possessed positive heterosis for Zeleny sedimentation value, thus it is also possible to im-prove sedirnentation value by selecting suitable parents and crosses.
【CateGory Index】: S512.1
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