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《Journal of China Agricultural University》 2003-S1
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Whole maize straw addition: the changes of soil physical and chemical properties and the effect on winter wheat

Ma Yongliang, Shi Hongkui, Zhang Shukui, Lü Runhai (Quzhou Experimental Station, China Agricultural University, Quzhou, Hebei Province, China)  
The improvement of agricultural production condition results in great increases of both grain yield and straw. However, crop straw, in particular maize straw, has been either abandoned or burned burnt by farmers, which bring serious environmental pollution. To solve this problem, series experiments were set up in Quzhou. The whole maize straw was either directly amended or crushed and then amended to the soils. Three yearss results showed that the whole maize straw amendment effectively improved the soil physical and chemical properties. Soil organic matter annually increased by 0.033%. Soil bulk density of 0~10 cm decreased by 0.17~0.25 g·cm -3. Big soil aggregates of 1~0.05 cm increased by about 20%. Winter wheat yield increased by 10%. The whole straw addition to the soil was showed to be an effective means which saved time, labors and money.
【CateGory Index】: S141.4
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