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《Journal of China Agricultural University》 2012-06
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An overview of researches on Jerusalem artichoke as a biofuel crop

LIU Zu-xin,XIE Guang-hui*(College of Agronomy and Biotechnology/National Energy R&D Center for Non-food Biomass, China Agricultural University,Beijing 100193,China)  
Non-food biofuel crop is under the spotlight in the research field of bioenergy.Jerusalem artichoke is one of the most promising non-food biofuel crops,due to its wide adaptability,high resistance,high biomass productivity,multiple ways of utilization for bioenergy and environment friendly.This paper reviews the recent development and problems in research in biology characteristics,stress resistance and yield potential,germplasm evaluation,genetic characteristics and cultivar breeding,planting technology,chemical composition and energy conversion on the basis of feedstock production and biomass conversion utilization.It discusses the prospects of research and development of Jerusalem artichoke as an energy crop.Specific cultivar for bioenergy,efficient feedstock production system suited for bioenergy plants,searching for inulinase with high activity,efficient fermentation strains,oleaginous microorganisms,life cycle assessment of feedstock production,and comprehensive research and development of byproducts should be focused.
【Fund】: 国家能源局能源节约和科技装备司项目(科技司函[2012]32号)
【CateGory Index】: S632.9
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