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《Journal of China Agricultural University》 2014-06
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Response of chilling stress on root morphology and protection systems of sugarcane seedlings

SUN Bo;LIU Guang-ling;YANG Li-tao;LI Yang-rui;Agricultural College/State Key Laboratory of Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agro-bioresources,Guangxi University;Sugarcane Research Center/Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Biotechnology and Genetic Improvement(Guangxi),Ministry of Agriculture/Guangxi Crop Genetic Improvement and Biotechnology Laboratory/Guangxi Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Genetic Improvement,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences;  
This experiment aimed to study the effect of low temperature on roots growth of different sugarcane varieties with varied cold resistance in order to provide theoretical references for future relevant researches.The complete roots of the young plants derived from water culture for both cold resistant sugarcane variety GT28 and the cold sensitive sugarcane variety ROC22 were used as the plant materials.The plants of the both varieties were treated with normal room temperature(25℃,control)and low temperature(4℃),respectively.Various parameters,including root length,root volume,root micro-structure,root vigor activities,malonaldehyde(MDA),contents of proline,soluble sugar,soluble protein,peroxidase(POD)and superoxide dismutase(SOD)were measured.As the cold stress duration prolonged,the average root length and root volume were decreased by the cold stress compared to the normal temperature,but thedecreases were less in GT28 than in ROC22.After 3days of cold stress,the root micro-structure were getting swelling and deformating,and disorder of cellular structures were observed in the roots of both tested varieties,but the deformation was much more significant in ROC22 than in GT28.Under the prolonged cold stress,the root activity was significantly weakened for both sugarcane varieties,but it was more serious for the variety ROC22.The contents of MDA,proline,soluble sugar,soluble protein,and the activities of POD and SOD in the roots were higher than those in the control and the patten showed a progressive increasing and then decreasing.The contents of soluble sugar and proline and the activities of POD and SOD in cold resistant variety of GT28 were higher than those of cold susceptible variety of ROC22.The present results indicate that cold resistnce/suscepitibility is variety-dependence based on,root growth and metabolism of physiology and biochemistry.
【Fund】: 广西自然科学基金创新团队项目(2011GXNSFF018002);; 广西八桂学者和特聘专家专项经费;; 广西科学研究与技术开发计划项目(桂科产1123008-1);; 广西科技基础条件平台(重点实验室)建设项目(11-031-31);; 广西农科院团队项目(桂农科2011YT01)
【CateGory Index】: S566.1
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