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《Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering》 2008-01
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Requirements of water and nitrogenous fertilizer to increase winter wheat yield under straw mulch

Gao Yajun1,Zheng Xianfeng1,Li Shiqing1,Tian Xiaohong1,Wang Zhaohui1,Li Shengxiu1,Du Jianjun2(1.College of Resources and Environmental Science,Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University,Shaanxi,Yangling 712100,China;2.Department of Agronomy,Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Technology,Guangzhou 510225,China)  
The field experiment was conducted to investigate the requirements of irrigation and nitrogen fertilizer to increase wheat yield under straw mulch after the models of yield were created.The results showed that the increase of yield depended greatly on N fertilizer and irrigation water when straw mulch was applied.If no irrigation water was supplied,the increase of yield in straw-mulch treatment depended on the amount of N fertilizer.The yield of straw-mulch treatment was much higher than that of no-mulch treatment when 240 kg/hm2 N fertilizer was applied.The reverse was true when too much N fertilizer was applied.Higher wheat yield under straw mulch could be reached in rainfed areas based on appropriate N fertilizer.The increase of yield depended on the distribution of irrigation water at the different stages of wheat growth as well as the total amount of irrigation water when amount of N fertilizer was a constant.A water-saving way to obtain higher yield is to distribute the limited irrigation water to the key stage of wheat growth based on the N fertilizer when irrigation is available.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金面上项目(40471069);; 重点项目(30230230);; 西北农林科技大学2003年重点科研项目
【CateGory Index】: S512.11
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