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《Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering》 2008-06
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Supercritical CO_2 fluid extraction of arecoline from Areca nut

Zhang Chunjiang1, Tao Haiteng1, Lü Feijie2, Tai Jianxiang2, Wang Zhunian3 (1. College of Food Science and Nutrition Engineering, China Agriculture University, Beijing 100083, China; 2. Institute of Crop Science, Chinese Academy of Agriculture Sciences, Beijing 100081, China; 3. Tropical Crops Genetic Resources Institute, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, Hainan 571737, China)  
In order to optimize technological parameters of arecoline extraction from areca nut using supercritical carbon dioxide extraction technique, the effects of extraction temperature, extraction pressure and extraction time on arecoline extraction were explored by second-order regression general rotation design. The results indicate that extraction temperature has a significant effect on the extraction quantity of arecoline, but extraction pressure or extraction time has a little effect. The optimum extraction parameters are as follows: extraction temperature 72℃, extraction pressure 57 MPa and extraction time 26 min. The maximum extraction quantity of coline is 6143.71 μg/g under this condition and amounts to 95.3% of the maximum theoretical extraction quantity. The percent of arecoline in the supercritical carbon dioxide extract is (25.85±0.41)%.
【Fund】: 海南省科技重点项目(04102)
【CateGory Index】: TQ464.4
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