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《Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering》 2009-11
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Design of PLC controll system of precise seeding assembly line for rice seedling nursing

Yu Shanshan,Zhang Wenyi,Wu Chongyou,Zhang Min (Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization,Ministry of Agriculture,Nanjing 210014,China)  
Agronomic techniques require 1or 2 seedlings in one cavity during the super-rice transplanting.It requested low quantity sowing and high uniformity machine transplantation.A high precision seeding assembly with vibration and air-suction for rice seedling nursing was developed to meet the requiements of precision and small quangtity in super-rice transplanting.An automatic control system based on PLC(programmable logic controller)was designed. Automatic programming techniques,sensor technology,and acceleration and deceleration control of step-motor were integrated into the system.System controlling software was programmed in the form of ladder diagram by GX-Developer-C V8,realizing accurate positioning of act device and coordinated of the action,and it can connect to PC to realize a real-time monitoring to the process of the sowing.The experiment and test of the seedling assembly indicated that seedling accuracy reached about 1-2 seeds per grid,passing rate of uniformity was 93.8%,space rate was 5.6%, unevenness of feeding rate between plates was 2.5%,operation efficiency reached 490 plates per hour.The automatic control system completely meets the requirements of seedling nursing precise sowing and transplanting for super-rice and conventional rice.
【Fund】: 国家科技支撑计划资助项目(2006DAD28B00-2)
【CateGory Index】: S223.2
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