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《Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering》 2015-24
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Spatial distribution of interaction effect between variety and environment on maize yield

Zhao Zuliang;Qu Yiwei;Liu Zhe;Wu Rihan;Xia Yinlei;Li Shaoming;Zhang Xiaodong;College of Information and Electrical Engineering, China Agricultural University;  
The performance of crop variety during field production is an emergent property resulting from interactions among genotype effect, environmental effect, and genotype-by-environment interaction(GEI) effect. What's more, the environmental effect and GEI of crop variety are closely related to the spatial location and the annual fluctuation of the planting environment. However, the current studies are not fully taking the spatial and temporal elements into account. As a result, the spatial distribution pattern of the performance of crop variety can hardly be exploited, and much less be used in the target population environment(TPE). Therefore, this article presents an approach which is based on multi-environment trial(MET) data, including multi-plot for several years in the maize planting region of the east of North China(planting maize in spring) and the Huang-Huai-Hai maize planting region(planting maize in summer) from Beijing Golden Nonghua Seed Science Technology Company. The yield data cover 3 years(2010-2012) and hundreds of test points and varieties, and we select 3 representative corn varieties(Nonghua 101, Xianyu 335, Zhengdan 958) to analyze. Firstly, the environmental effect and GEI effect are calculated. On the basis of calculation results, the classification standard of spatial color rendering can be determined. Secondly, according to the grade standard of spatial color rendering, we combine the results of environmental effect and GEI effect with the geographic data and the result of maize regionalization, and then visualize them by the spatial visualization tools. Finally, we explore the spatial distribution and spatial analysis approach of environmental effect and GEI effect based on the results of spatial visualization. According to the analysis result of yield data, it turns out that the positive and negative values of environmental effect reflect the seriousness of stress in the planting area. The environmental effect in most regions of seeding in summer and middle-late ripening regions(Area One) is negative, which means the stress in these region is very serious. In the meantime, in the regions of seeding in spring and middle ripening(Area Two), most of the values are positive and the stress is less serious. What's more, based on earlier finds, the positive and negative values of GEI reflect the suitability between typical planting environment and crop variety, and the annual and spatial fluctuations of GEI reflect the stability of crop variety as well. According to the results, the stability of the 3 maize varieties in Area One is as follow: Nonghua 101 Zhengdan 958 Xianyu 335, and the suitability is Zhengdan 958 Nonghua 101 Xianyu 335. By contrast, the stability of Area Two shows Zhengdan 958 Nonghua 101 Xianyu 335, and the suitability is Nonghua 101 Zhengdan 958 Xianyu 335. The experiment results show that the method can analyze the spatial distribution of the performance of crop variety during field production effectively. In conclusion, based on geographic information system(GIS), this article has exploited the spatial distribution and analysis method of environmental effect and GEI of maize, which is not only helping for developing the spatial model of crop field performance and predicting the phenotype of crop variety precisely, but also can be used to improve the accuracy of evaluation in variety.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金青年项目(41301075);; 国家级大学生创新创业训练计划项目
【CateGory Index】: S513
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