Full-Text Search:
Home|Journal Papers|About CNKI|User Service|FAQ|Contact Us|中文
《Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering》 2017-05
Add to Favorite Get Latest Update

Wind tunnel experiment on polypeptide derivatives in controlling wind erosion

Li Yuanyuan;Wang Zhanli;State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on the Loess Plateau,Institute of Soil and Water Conservation,Northwest A&F University;Institute of Soil and Water Conservation,Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Resources;  
The utilization of macromolecular polymers that can improve soil structure to fix sand is one of important measures for controlling soil wind erosion.Indoor wind tunnel experiments were conducted to study the effect of macromolecular polymers and polypeptide derivatives on wind erosion control in drift-sand and sandy loess.The soils used in this study were collected from the wind-water erosion crisscross region on the Loess Plateau.Four macromolecular polymers or polypeptide derivatives were used and they were polyacrylamide(PAM),cationic hydroxypropyl quito sugar(Jag C162),carboxymethyl cellulose(CMC)and hydroxypropyl polysaccharide(HP-120).The application doses of the polymers were 0(CK),0.4,0.6and 1.2 g/m~2.All the tests were repeated for 3 times.The wind tunnel had a length in 24 m.The wind speed could be adjusted in a range of 0-16 m/s.The wind speed was measured by using an AZ-8902 Anemobiagraph with a range of 0.6-35 m/s.The soil tank had the width of 98 cm,the length of 126 cm and the depth of 5 cm.The soil density of the drift-sand and sandy loess was 1.36 and 1.29 g/cm3,respectively.The water content of air-dried sandy loess and drift-sand was 0.25%and 0.21%,respectively.During the experiment,the wind speed was adjusted to 14 m/s for 20 min.The wind erosion rate was calculated and the consolidation layer hardness was determined.The results showed that all the materials with different doses could significantly reduce wind erosion rate(P0.05)on the disturbed drift-sand and sandy loess surface.Compared with the others,PAM was the best in decreasing wind erosion rate on the surface of sandy loess.Averagely,PAM,Jag C162,CMC and HP-120 on the surface of sandy loess could decrease the wind erosion rate by 65.47%,51.78%,62.34%and 50.29%(P0.05),respectively;On the surface of drift-sand,PAM,Jag C162,CMC and HP-120 could decrease the wind erosion rate by 62.56%,92.58%,98.45%and 92.88%(P0.05),respectively.The CMC had the best effect in reducing wind erosion rate on the surface of drift-sand among the polymers.Compared with the CK,the polymers could increase the consolidation layer hardness of the sandy loess significantly except for the 0.4 g/m~2 Jag C162 treatment.For the most treatments,the hardness increased with application doses.At the application dose of 1.2 g/m~2,the hardness was the highest after spraying PAM and the least after spraying HP-120 on the surface of sandy loess.Compared with the CK,the hardness could be increased by 356%using the PAM.On the drift-sand,the CMC had the best effect in increasing consolidation layer hardness and the hardness could be increased by 746.15%using the CMC.Overall,the PAM had the best effect in decreasing wind erosion rate and increasing hardness on the surface of sandy loess while the CMC was the best for the drift-sand.At the application dose of 1.2 g/m~2,all the polymers showed good wind erosion control capacity to resist against 14 m/s wind for 20 min with little wind erosion.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(41471230、41601282);; 陕西省自然科学基金项目(2016JQ4020);; 国家重点研发计划(2016YFC0402401);; 黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室专项经费项目(A314021403-C2)
【CateGory Index】: S157
Download(CAJ format) Download(PDF format)
CAJViewer7.0 supports all the CNKI file formats; AdobeReader only supports the PDF format.
【Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 FENG Xiao;LI Shengyu;XU Xinwen;WANG Haifeng;MA Xuexi;YUAN Xinxin;YU Xiangxiang;LIU Bailing;Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography,Chinese Academy of Sciences;University of Chinese Academy of Sciences;Chengdu Institute of Organic Chemistry,Chinese Academy of Sciences;;Wind Tunnel Test on Effectiveness of Vinyl Acetate Sand-fixing Agents on Sand Fixation[J];水土保持学报;2015-05
2 YANG Mingkun~1 WANG Fanghui~1 YAO Yang~2 ZHU Hong~(1**) 1.State Key Laboratory of Organic-Inorganic Composites,School of Science, Beijing University of Chemical Technology,Beijing 100029 2.Beijing Guangqumen Middle School,Beijing 100062;Preparation and Sanding-fixing Properties of A New-type Environment Friendly Sand-fixing Agent[J];材料研究学报;2012-03
3 Cao Lihua1,2,Liu Heman2,Zhao Shiwei1(1.State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on the Loess Plateau,Northwest A&F University,712100,Yangling,Shaanxi; 2.Department of Resources and Environment,Tibet Agricultural and Animal Husbandry College,860000,Linzhi,Tibet:China);Effect of soil conditioners on water stability of soil aggregates and its mechanisms in loessal soil[J];中国水土保持科学;2011-05
4 PAN Ying-hua1,2, LEI Ting-wu2,3, ZHAO Jun2 (1.College of Geography and Planning, Ludong University, Yantai 264025,China; 2. State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming in Loess Plateau, Yangling 712100,China;3.College of Water Conservancy and Civil Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083,China);Effects of Polyacrylamide and Phosphogypsum on Soil Water Evaporation[J];土壤通报;2008-05
5 CHEN Quc-hang1,2, LEI Ting-wu2,TANG Zhe-jun2 (1.China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research,Beijing 100038;2.College of Water Conservancy & Civil Engineering,China Agricultural University,Beijing 10083;;Study on Mechanism by Use of PAM to Keep From Wind Erosion of Loosing Soil and Its Capability to Withstand Wind Flow with Sand[J];水土保持学报;2008-04
6 YI Xiao-yong1,2, ZHAO Ha-lin2, LI Yu-qiang2 (1College of Geography and Environmental Science, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, China; 2Cold and Arid Regions Environment and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China).;Research progress on wind erosion control[J];应用生态学报;2007-04
7 HE Ji-jun1,2,CAI Qiang-guo1**,TANG Ze-jun3 (1.Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Key Laboratory of Water Cycle & Related Land Surface Processes,CAS, Beijing 100101;2.Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049;3.College of Water Conservancy and Civil Engineering,China Agricultural University,Beijing 100083);Wind Tunnel Experimental Study on Soil Wind Erosion Control with PAM[J];水土保持学报;2007-02
8 WANG Yin-mei1,CEN Wen-wu2(1.College of Hydraulic Engineering,Taiyuan University of Technology,Taiyuan, Shanxi 030024,China;2.College of Earth and Environment Sciences,Lanzhou University,Lanzhou,Gansu 730000,China);Experimental Study on Properties of a New Chemical Material in Sand Fixation[J];水土保持通报;2007-01
9 LIU Dong,REN Shu-mei,YANG Pei-ling(China Agriculture University,Beijing 100083,China);Influence of PAM to Capability of Anti-Wind Erosion of Soil[J];中国水土保持;2006-12
10 Chen Quchang~(1,2),Jiang Peifu~1,Lei Tingwu~(1※),Li Ruiping~3,Tang Zejun~1(1.College of Water Conservancy and Civil Engineering,China Agricultural University,Beijing 10083,China;2.Department of Water Environment,China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research,Beijing 100038,China;3.Water Conservancy and Civil Engineering College,Inner Mongolia Agricultural University,Huhhot 010010,China);Wind tunnel experiment on the impacts of polyacrylamide on wind erosion of loosen soil materials[J];农业工程学报;2006-10
【Co-citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 Li Yuanyuan;Wang Zhanli;State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on the Loess Plateau,Institute of Soil and Water Conservation,Northwest A&F University;Institute of Soil and Water Conservation,Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Resources;;Wind tunnel experiment on polypeptide derivatives in controlling wind erosion[J];农业工程学报;2017-05
2 CHEN Fangquan;SHAO Huifang;CUI Dengke;WANG Kaiyue;XU Zicheng;HUANG Wuxing;FAN Yikuan;ZHANG Manman;ZHAO Rongrong;College of Tobacco Science,Henan Agricultural University;Tianchang International Co.Ltd.Baofeng Tobacco Redrying Factory;Henan Provincial Tobacco Company;Ganzhou Branch of Jiangxi Provincial Tobacco Company;;Effect of Water Retaining Agent on Physiological Characteristics of Tobacco[J];中国农业科技导报;2017-01
3 PAN Jinhua;ZHUANG Shunyao;SHI Xuezheng;CAO Zhihong;CAI Xianjie;CHENG Sen;State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture,Institute of Soil Science,Chinese Academy of Sciences;Shanghai Tobacco Group Limited Company;;Effects of Soil Amendments on Water Characteristics in Red Soil of Upland in South Anhui Province[J];水土保持通报;2016-05
4 Zhou Ying;Cao Yue'e;Yang Jianjun;Liu Wei;Wu Fangfang;College of Resources and Environmental Science/Key Laboratory of Oasis Ecology,Xinjiang University;;Assessment of Wind Erosion Hazard Degree in the Zhundong Area,Xinjiang,China[J];中国沙漠;2016-05
5 TIE Shengnian;TIE Jian;LIU Xin;New Energy(Photovoltaic)Industry Research Center,Qinghai University;;Study on Weathering of Gypsum-based Sand-fixing Material[J];材料导报;2016-16
6 PEI Xiangjun;YANG Qingwen;XU Qiang;ZHANG Xiaochao;HUANG Yong;State Key Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention and Geoenvironment Protection,Chengdu University of Technology;Xinjiang Communications Construction Group Corporation Limited;;Research on glue reinforcement mechanism and scouring resistant properties of soil slopes by modified carboxymethyl cellulose[J];岩石力学与工程学报;2016-11
7 ZHAN QiWei;QIAN ChunXiang;School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southeast University,Jiulonghu Campus;Research Institute of Green Construction Materials, Southeast University,Jiulonghu Campus;;Effect of treatment process on consolidation efficiency of fugitive dust cemented by bio-activated cementitious material based on CO_2 capture[J];Science China(Technological Sciences);2016-08
8 ZHOU Jie;LI Sheng-yu;WANG Hai-feng;LIU Zhi-hui;SUN Na;Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography,Chinese Academy of Sciences;College of Resources and Environment Sciences,Xinjiang University;University of Chinese Academy of Sciences;Qira National Station for Desert-grassland Ecosystem Observation & Research;;Wind Tunnel Simulation on the Relationship between Coverage of Sand-cemented Bodies and Sand-drift Activity[J];干旱区研究;2016-04
9 FENG Qiang;ZHANG Xiao;DUAN Baoling;College of Forestry,Shanxi Agricultural University;College of Resources Science & Technology,Beijing Normal University;;Relation between Soil Erosion and Two Kinds of Soil Aggregate Stability Indices Based on Wet Sieving and Water-drop Method[J];山西农业科学;2016-07
10 LU Shaojuan;WANG Zhanli;Institute of Soil and Water Conservation,Northwest A&F University;State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on Loess Plateau,Northwest A&F University;Institute of Soil and Water Conservation,CAS & MWR;;Research Progress of Soil Conditioner Polyacrylamide[J];人民黄河;2016-07
【Secondary Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 NAN Ling;DU Ling-tong;ZHAN Xiu-Li;Research Center for Western Development,Ningxia University;College of Resources and Environment,Ningxia University;;Advances in Study on Soil Erodibility for Wind Erosion[J];土壤;2014-02
2 TIE Shengnian1,JIANG Xiong1,WANG Chang'an1,2(1 Non-Metallic Materials Institute,Qinghai University,Xining 810016;2 State Key Laboratory of New Ceramics & Fine Processing,Tsinghua University,Beijing 100084);Advances in Chemical Sand-fixing Materials[J];材料导报;2013-05
3 TIE Shengnian 1 , JIANG Xiong 1 , WANG Chang'an 1,2 1. Non-Metallic Materials Institute, Qinghai University, Xining 810016, China 2. State Key Laboratory of New Ceramics & Fine Processing, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;Progress in Chemical Sand-fixing Materials in Desertification Combating[J];科技导报;2013-Z1
4 ZHOU Mingji,ZHOU Yusheng,SUN Jialiang,LIU Shan,LIU Jianhui(Elion Resources Group Co.,LTD,Beijing 100031);Research and Application Status of Sand-fixing Materials in China[J];材料导报;2012-S2
5 Yang Kai1, Tang Zejun1, Zhao Zhi1, Feng Jianzhang1, Guo Ping2, Ding Tao2 (1. College of Water Conservancy and Civil Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China; 2. Bayannur Design Institute of Water Conservancy and Hydro-electric Power, Bayannur 015000, China);Wind tunnel experimental study on sand-fixing effect of fly ash and polyacrylamide[J];农业工程学报;2012-04
6 SUN Rong-guo1,WEI Wu-si1,MA Ming1,LI Jia-jia1,SHI Xiao-jun1,ZHANG Yu-tao1,WANG Ding-yong1,2(1.Key Laboratory of the Three Gorges Reservoir Region's Eco-environment(Ministry ofEducation),College of Resource and Environment,Southwest University,Chongqing 400715;2.Chongqing Key Laboratory of Agricultural Resources and Environment,Chongqing 400716);Effects of Straw-Bentonite-PAM Improved Material on Sandy Soil Aggregate Structure[J];水土保持学报;2011-02
7 YU Dong-dong,WANG Ming-yang,WANG Sheng-gao(Key Laboratory of Plasma Chemical and Advanced Materials of Hubei Province,Wuhan Institute of Technology,Wuhan 430074,China);Study of polymerization of acrylamide initiated by atmospheric pressure plasma[J];武汉工程大学学报;2011-04
8 YAN Ning-zhen1,BAI Zhong-cai2,XU Wei-hong1,LI Yang-bing1(1.College of Resources and Environment,Southwest University,Chongqing 400716,China;2.Research Center of New District in West China,Shengli Oilfield Company of SINOPEC,Dongying,Shandong 257015,China);Land use effect on soil aggregates in the karst hilly areas——A case study in Qianjiang,Chongqing,China[J];中国岩溶;2011-01
9 Yu Jian1 Lei Tingwu2 Isaac Shainberg3 Zhang Junsheng1 Zhang Jiping1(1 Water Resources Research Institute of Inner Mongolia,Huhhot 010020,China)(2 College of Hydraulic and Civil Engineering,China Agricultural University,Beijing 100083,China)(3 Institute of Soil,Water and Environmental Sciences,Agricultural Research Organization,The Volcani Center,P.O.Box 6,Bet Dagan,Israel 50-250);EFFECTS OF MOLECULAR WEIGHT AND DEGREE OF HYDROLYSIS OF PAM ON INFILTRATION AND EROSION OF SANDY SOIL[J];土壤学报;2011-01
10 GUI Dong-Wei1,2,3, LEI Jia-Qiang1,3, ZENG Fan-Jiang1,3, MU Gui-Jin1,3, YANG Fa-Xiang1,3, SU Yong-Liang1,2,3, PAN Yan-Fang1,2,3 (1. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, China; 2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China; 3. Cele National Station for Observation & Research of Desert-Grassland Ecosystem in Xinjiang, Cele 848300, China);Fractal dimension of particle size distribution and its affecting factors in oasis farmland soils in southern marginal zones of Tarim Basin[J];中国生态农业学报;2010-04
©2006 Tsinghua Tongfang Knowledge Network Technology Co., Ltd.(Beijing)(TTKN) All rights reserved