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《Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology》 2005-01
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Study on Bone Morphogenetic Protein Receptor IB as a Candidate Gene for Prolificacy in Small Tail Han Sheep and Hu Sheep

YAN Ya-Dong1 CHU Ming-Xing 2** ZENG Yong-Qing1 FANG Li2 YE Su-Cheng2 WANG Li-Min3GUO Qing-Kun3 HAN Dai-Qin3 ZHANG Zhao-Xin3 WANG Xi-Jun3 ZHANG Xin-Zhen3(1. College of Animal Science and Technology, Shandong Agricultural University, Taian 271018, China; 2. Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100094, China;3. Animal Husbandry Bureau of Jiaxiang County, Shandong Province, Jiaxiang 272400, China)  
Bone morphogenetic protein receptor IB (BMPR-IB) gene which controls fecundity of Booroola Merino ewes was studied as a candidate gene on the prolificacy of Small Tail Han sheep. Single nucleotide polymorphism of BMPR-IB gene was detected in both high fecundity sheep breeds (Small Tail Han sheep and Hu sheep) and low fecundity sheep breeds (Suffolk sheep and Dorset sheep) by PCR-SSCP. The results indicated that there was a same mutation (A746G) of BMPR-IB gene in both Small Tail Han sheep and Hu sheep as that in Booroola Merino ewes. That mutation did not exist in both Suffolk sheep and Dorset sheep. In Small Tail Han sheep, frequencies of B allele and + allele were 0.716 and 0.284 respectively. In Hu sheep, these frequencies were 0.941 and 0.059. The BMPR-IB genotype distributions were high significantly different (P 0.001) among high fecundity sheep breeds (Small Tail Han sheep and Hu sheep) and low fecundity sheep breeds (Suffolk sheep and Dorset sheep). The ewes with genotype BB had 0.92 (P 0.01) and 1.02 (P 0.01) lambs more than those with genotype ++ in the first parity and the second parity in Small Tail Han sheep, respectively. These results intensively demonstrated that BMPR-IB gene is a major gene that affects the prolificacy in both Small Tail Han sheep and Hu sheep, and could be used as a molecular genetic marker to select the litter size in sheep.
【Fund】: 国家高技术研究发展计划(863)项目(No.2002AA211081);; 中国农业科学院科研基金项目(农科院科[2003]No.168号)资助
【CateGory Index】: S826
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