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《Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology》 2014-12
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Genetic Diversity Analysis of Modern Japonica Rice (Oryza satiua L.) from Taihu Area Based on Simple Sequence Repeat (SSR) Markers

LUO Bing;XU Gang-Ming;SUN Hai-Yan;YANG Zhi-Gang;SHEN Zong-Gen;GAO Yang;WANG Xiao-Hu;DUANMU Yin-Xi;College of Biology and Food Engineering,Changshu Institute of Technology;Changshu Branch Center,China National Hybrid Rice Reserch and Development Center;Changshou Academy of Agricultural Science;  
The japonica rice(Oryza satiua ssp. japonica) resources are rich in Taihu area. Along with largescale popularization of rice varieties, the genetic basis of breeding material is became narrower and the genetic similarity is increased, thus the japonica rice breeding has became more difficult. Genetic diversity of42 japonica rice varieties, collected from Taihu area, was analyzed by 24 pairs of simple sequence repeat(SSR) primers. The SSR primers were located at 12 rice chromosomes, and 2 pairs of SSR primers were selected at each chromosome. The results showed that 23 pairs of SSR primers performed polymorphism in the 42 materials. A total of 105 alleles loci were detected among 42 varieties using the 23 pairs of SSR primers. The average number of detected alleles by each primer pair was 4.57 with a range from 2 to 8. The effective alleles were 56.43 with average 2.45. The value of allelic polymorphism information content(PIC)varied widely from 0.083 0 to 0.807 9 with an average value of 0.496 6. The number of polymorphic loci each variety ranged from 6 to 19, and the number of allele loci ranged from 27 to 55. The genetic similarity coefficient of SSR markers among 42 japonica rice varieties ranged from 0.391 to 0.990, with average 0.610,and the genetic similarity coefficient of 74.45% tested materials ranged from 0.50 to 0.80. Furthermore, the UPGMA(unweight pair group method with arithmetic mean) clustering analysis at the genetic similarity value of 0.50 grouped the 42 japonica rice varieties into two groups. The 19 conventional japonica rice varieties could be grouped, and they were divided into 2 subgroups at the level of genetic similarity coefficient 0.58.Another group was composed of the 23 japonica hybrid rice varieties, and it also was divided into two subgroups at the level of genetic similarity coefficient 0.70. Based on the all analysis, it was concluded that the genetic background comparability of the japonica rice varieties in Taihu area was high and the diversity was low. Therefore, introducing and making use of the new genetic resources and creating breeding materials should be strengthened. The genetic diversity of japonica rice based on SSR markers can provide technical support and theoretical basis for breeding new rice varieties in Taihu area.
【Fund】: 江苏农业科技科技支撑项目(No.BE2011445);; 苏州市科技计划项目(No.SZS201102 No.SYN201110和No.SNG201323);; 江苏省大学生实践创新训练计划项目(No.201310333032Y);; 苏州市吴江区科技计划项目(No.WN201311和No.WN201317);; 常熟市科技计划项目(No.CS201205)
【CateGory Index】: S511.22
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