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《Psychological Research》 2020-02
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The effect of power on moral hypocrisy in shame

LIAO Hongling;ZHAO Dongmei;Department of Applied Psychology, School of Public Administration,Guangdong University of Finance;  
According to dual-process theory, moral hypocrisy is influenced by cognitive processing and emotion processing. However, few studies have investigated both of the cognitive and emotional factors.Therefore, power(as a factor of cognition process) and shame(as a factor of emotion) are combined to see if shame had effect on decreasing the moral hypocrisy. The subjects were randomly assigned to conditions in which they were primed with either high or low power using the role-play method, and either shame-primed or no shame-primed group using the easy-task failure paradigm. The results showed that compared with low-power participants, high-power participants focused more on their own reward, but did not show moral hypocrisy. And the low-power participants had a tendency of being moral hypercrisy. More importantly, shame could effectively decrease self-interest behavior. Therefore, shame is one of the moral emotions, which motivate an individual to act more prosocially.
【Fund】: 国家社会科学基金教育学一般项目“儿童心理创伤对认知功能的影响性研究”(BBA170065)
【CateGory Index】: B842
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