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《Journal of the China Society for Scientific and Technical Information》 2018-11
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Research on the Relevance between Competitiveness and the Scientific Research Output of World-Class Universities

Zhang Weichong;Meng Hao;Wang Fang;Nankai University;Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China(ISTIC);  
Exploring the core elements characterizing the competitiveness of world-class universities and formulating the correct path to its improvement is of great significance for building a world-class university.This article examines the top 50 universities in the World University Rankings as samples.First,nine representative research output measurement indicators,X1-X9,were selected for statistical analysis,which included the four dimensions of productivity,influence,contribution,and level of internationalization.Second,X1-X9 were set as the independent variables and each university's score in the QS/USNEWS/THE/ARWU university rankings was established as a dependent variable,Yi.The variable selection and parameter estimation experiments were carried out with four multiple linear regression models,Lasso/Ridge/LassoLars/BayesianRidge,and finally a well-fitting effect was obtained.The results reveal positive correlations between the impact factors of scientific research output,the total citation frequency,the number of cooperation organizations,and the annual average frequency of international cooperation with the competitiveness of world-class universities.However,results also showed that the number of papers per year,the growth rate of papers,the number of co-authors,the total annual frequency of institutional cooperation,and the frequency of cooperation between countries are not significantly related to the competitiveness of world-class universities.
【CateGory Index】: G649.1;G353.1
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