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A MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF STEADY CIRCULATION IN THE SOUTH CHINA SEA

Wang Jia (Institute of Oceanology ,Academia Sinica)  
Based on "wind curl-therohaline gradient equation" the stream function equation of β-plane is applied to simulating the steady circulation of the South China sea in winter and summer. The computations obtained give us a dynamical mechanistic explanation to the circulation in the South China Sea.Considering realistic bottom topography, the flux on the lateral boundary,wind stress on the surface and thermohaline, the simulations are in agree ament with the current field by dynamical calculation. Through various mechanistic experiments we come to the conclusion that the major factor dominating the circulations is thermohaline ef- fect or the joint effect of boroclinity and topography, two kinds of monsoons opposite in direction only play adiustment role, the bottom topography is the necessary condition, the boundary forces are essential dynamic factor and the β-effect is of less importance in the South China Sea circulation.According to linear model, a nonlinear model is developed to simulate the winter and summer circulation, and the results show that the effect of nonlinear terms is not remarkable. In other words the linear model can be used to simulate the dynamic features of circulation in the South China Sea.
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