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《Journal of Ocean University of Qingdao》 1989-S1
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FORMATION AND SEASONAL VARIATION OF BOTTOM COLD WATER MASS IN NORTHERN AREA OF THE EAST CHINA SEA

Su Yusong, Li Fengqi, Ma Helai and Qian Qingying(Department of Physical Oceanology and Marine Meteorology)  
In this paper, the formative causes, the elementary characters and the seasonal variational process of the bottom cold water in northern area of the East China Sea ( named Northern Cold Water for short) are discussed with emphasis. It is pointed out that the Northern Cold Water is formed from the Yellow Sea Coastal Water flowing southwards and transporting low temperature water to the East China Sea, where it mixes with the high salinity water of open Sea and is modified, and the motion of Northern Cold Water has an apparent seasonal regularity i.e., it first moves from the west to the east, then diminishes while moveing toward the north. The whole variational process can be divided into four period: the period of leaving coast of the cold water tongue; the period of semi-closing of the Northern Cold Water; the period of diminishing northwards and the period of regenerating. The causes of these variations are analysed and a detailed description is given for the relation between the lowering of the Yellow Sea Coastal Water along the continental shelf and the climbing of the Kuroshio Subsurface-Intermediate Mixed Water and for its influence on the Northern Cold Water. The relation between the Northern Cold Water and the Bottom Cold Water Mass of the Yellow Sea is also discussed.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金
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