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《Journal of Ocean University of Qingdao》 2005-03
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The Seasonal and Interannual Variabilities in the Meridional Heat Transport and Heat Budget in the Northern Indian Ocean

HU Rui-jin, LIU Qin-yu, MENG Xiang-feng (Physical Oceanography Laboratory & Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction and Climate Laboratory, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, China)  
The seasonal and interannual variabilities in the meridional heat transport and heat budget in the northern Indian Ocean are studied, based on the integrated heat balance equation and data mainly from a global ocean circulation model (MOM2) with an integration of 10 years (1987~1996). It is shown that the heat transport crossing the equator and the heat content change north of the equator have the period of one year, whereas the total net surface heat flux north of the equator exhibits a semiannual period. For the interannual variability, the heat content change is mainly caused by meridional heat transport, with small contributions from the other terms. The heat transport is concentrated on the upper 500m, especially upper 150m. Of the total transport, the contribution from the meridional overturning circulation is overwhelming, compared with the small effect of the eddy flux. There are tight relationships between the total heat transport across any latitude, the total net surface heat flux north of that latitude and the integrated zonal wind stress at that latitude in the Indian Ocean. A comparison of the heat transport across 10°N of the Arabian Sea and that of the Bay of Bengal with the heat transport across the equator, as well as an analysis of various components of the total net surface heat flux are also given.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金重点项目 (40 2 330 33)资助
【CateGory Index】: P732.6
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