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《Periodical of Ocean University of China》 2011-Z2
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A Preliminary Study of the Relationship Between Sea Surface Temperature and Convection in the South China Sea

RUAN Cheng-Qing,LIU Qin-Yu(Physical Oceanography Laboratory & Ocean Atmosphere Interaction and Climate Laboratory,Ocean University of China,Qingdao 266100,China)  
Monthly mean sea surface temperature(SST) and outgoing longwave radiation(OLR) indicating the presence of convection from January 1985 to July 2009 have been used to discuss the relationship between the sea surface temperature and the local convection in the South China Sea(SCS).The results show that in the climatological sense,27 ℃ is the threshold of SST for convection in SCS to increase: when SST is lower than 27 ℃,OLR is greater than 240 W/m2 and its varicotion is few with increasing SST,when SST27 ℃ OLR substantially decreases,indicating the convection increases with increasing SST.Convection is still strong even that SST is higher than 29.5 ℃,which is different from other tropical ocean.In winter monsoon phase(Oct-Apr next year) SST is low and convection is repressed,and the convection is still weak in March and April although SST is warmer than 27 ℃;May is the month for the onset of SCS summer monsoon,and SST in May is only 1 ℃ higher than April,but convection is significantly stronger;in summer monsoon phase(Jun-Sep) the warm water makes the convection strong in the average sense,but the relationship between convection variation and local SST variation is vague.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展计划项目(2007CB411803);; 国家自然科学基金项目(40830106)资助
【CateGory Index】: P731.11
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