Assessment of Climate and Environment Changes in China (Ⅰ): Climate and environment changes in China and their projection
QIN Dahe, DING Yihui, SU Jilan, REN Jiawen, WANG Shaowu, WU Rongsheng, YANG Xiuqun, WANG Sumin, LIU Shiyin, DONG Guangrong, LU Qi, HUANG Zhenguo, DU Bilan, LUO Yong (China Meteorological Administration, Beijing 100081, China; National Climate Center, CMA, Beijing 100081, China;Second Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Hangzhou Zhejiang 310012, China; Institute of Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research, CAS, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China; Beijing University, Beijing 100871, China; Nanjing University, Nanjing Jiangsu 210093, China; Nanjing, Institute of Geography and Limnology, Nanjing Jiangsu 210008, China;State Forestry Administration, Beijing 100091, China; Guangzhou Institute of Geography, Guangzhou Guangdong 510008, China; State Oceanic Administration, Beijing 100860, China)
In recent 100 years, the global climate and environment have greatly changed, with the global warming as its main feature. These changes have exerted significant impacts on the climate and environment changes in China. More than 100 Chinese scientists in areas of climate change, environment, ecology, oceanography, economics and social sciences have assessed the climate and environment changes in China and their impact on natural ecosystem and socioeconomic sectors. On the basis of scientific assessment, response strategy to the adaptation and mitigation of climate change has been put forward. The present paper is the first part of this scientific assessment report, mainly dealing with the climate and environment changes. And the future projections of climate change have been provided.