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《Journal of Tsinghua University(Philosophy and Social Sciences)》 2003-04
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A Historical and Comparative Review of Penalty Clauses

HAN Shiyuan(School of Law, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China)  
Penalty clauses have been very popularly using in contractual practice both in China and other countries. The paper makes a historical review of some typical ancient contracts in China, ancient Chinese legal systems, and the stipulatio poenae in Roman law. The author tries to draw some characteristics of ancient contractual practice. The paper also makes a historical and comparative review of penalty clauses in French law, German law, Japanese law and some recent legislation trends, such as the Civil Code of the Netherlands, the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, PICC and PECL. The author tries to show the same and the different points among them, and makes some explanation about them. Finally, the paper shows the transformation of the legal rules on penalty clauses in China. 
【Fund】: 国家社科基金项目“债权保障法律制度研究”的一部分
【CateGory Index】: D923.6;D
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