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《Climatic and Environmental Research》 2002-02
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Some New Aspects in Understanding of ENSO Cycle

Zhang Renhe(Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing 100081)Chao Jiping(Key Laboratory of Marine Environment Sciences and Their Numerical Modelling, State Oceanic Administration, Qingdao 266003)  
In recent years, Chinese scientists found some new mechanisms of the ENSO cycle by data diagnoses, theoretical analysis and numerical experiments. The findings include the origin of the El Nino and the La Nina, the propagation of the warm or cold water associated with the ENSO cycle, dynamical roles of the zonal wind stress over tropical western Pacific and of the meridional wind stress over the tropical eastern Pacific, etc. In this paper, a review is given to introduce some aspects of these new findings achieved by Chinese scientists.